Rodents and insects bring diseases, infest your kitchens and bedrooms, and bite you or your pets, so pest control is important. Pest control refers to the method of eliminating pests from your house, garden, yard, or garage. The primary goal of pest control is to protect human health and the environment.
Considering how harmful these animals are to housing and agriculture, they have the potential to seriously harm our economy. Pest control strategies vary depending on the type of pest, which include biological, mechanical, poisoned bait, field burning, heat treatment, and pesticide use.
It’s important to find out what kind of insect you’re dealing with and how they live so that you can choose the best strategy for getting rid of them. To assist you, we will cover various pest control approaches, ranging from biological pest control to the use of pesticides.
Ancient Pest Control Method
Prior to the introduction of moderncommercial & residential pest control strategies, ancient people relied on pest-killing animals to defend themselves from harmful insects. Cats were the most common breed. Cats were used to hold rats away from a 50-yard range.
Even today, cats are used in the home and garden as a low-cost and effective alternative to keep pests out of our immediate surroundings.
Biological Pest Control
This is the best and most reliable approach for dealing with insect infestations. It is commonly used because it has no negative effects on the climate. A chemical-free agent is used to destroy the bacteria in this treatment. Mosquito dunk, for example, is used to safely kill mosquito larvae.
It includes Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis, a bacteria that is harmful to mosquito larvae but does not pollute water. Pets and animals are unaffected by this bacteria.
Mechanical Pest Control
To complete the job, mechanical pest control utilizes physical and hands-on instruments. It’s used to get rid of a lot of insects. The insect and the plant are separated by a protective barrier in this process.
It aids in the removal and prevention of insect attack and spreading, saving the plant from further devastation. The key to securing the property is to eliminate this harmful species and stop it from spreading.
Chemical Pest Control
When organic pest control methods fail to achieve the desired results, some people switch to chemical pest control methods. Thousands of chemical products are available on the market; they are simple to use but hazardous to the atmosphere, contaminating soil, air, and water.
Pesticides come in a number of forms, including solid, liquid, and aerosol. These pesticides may destroy pests through oral (mouth), respiratory (breath), and dermal (skin) entry ( with skin contact).
Before spraying such chemical-based goods, read the label on the pesticides and seal all open things such as fruit, utensils, and beverages. If you’re having trouble using these chemical materials, seek assistance from a pest control company.
One of the chemical-free pest control methods is heat treatment. It’s good against bed bugs, cockroaches, and wood-boring insects.
The region is heated using a method known as endotherm. It takes about two hours to completely heat the particuar area, and temperatures are kept between 50 and 60 degrees Celsius to dehydrate and destroy all stages of the pest and bug life cycle, from eggs to larvae to adults.
Some techniques include raising the temperature in an infested environment to a certain degree in order to kill the insects immediately because they cannot withstand such high temperatures.
Benefits of heat treatment:
Non-chemical: Heat treatment is a non-toxic, chemical-free form of pest control. There are no additives used, so there are no negative side effects. Furthermore, using chemical-based insecticides can cause ozone layer depletion.
Single Treatment: Heat treatment is done once for low and mid-level infestations to get rid of bugs efficiently, while chemical treatment can involve running for a prolonged period of time.
Fewer Disturbances: Heat treatment takes just 3-4 hours to complete, and the treated areas can be used immediately afterward since no chemicals are used. It does not require any cleaning.
When it comes to pest control for insects and rodents, poisoned bait is sometimes used. This highly successful system, however, has a potentially dangerous side. You will undoubtedly get rid of rats by feeding them poisonous meat. However, you run the risk of infecting some larger animals that consume the meat.
People have died since coming into contact with the poisoned meat or consuming an animal that had previously consumed the poisoned meat. This form, despite its performance, should not be messed with.
The method of field burning is generally used in agricultural pest control. Following the harvest, the entire field is burned to remove any undesirable organisms, including any eggs that may have survived. This method of pest control will thoroughly clean your area.
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